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Can I enter the country without a visa?

Currently, the following people can enter Germany without a visa:

  • All people who were living in Ukraine up to February 24th, 2022 and entered or will enter Germany after this date. This applies to everyone, regardless of their citizenship or whether they have a biometric passport. It also applies to non-Ukrainians were living in Ukraine.
  • Ukrainian citizens and refugees recognized in Ukraine as well as people who have been granted international or national protection in Ukraine, who were temporarily not in Ukraine on February 24th, 2022, but resided there until then.

The people mentioned above do not need a passport to enter Germany. However, you must be able to demonstrate that you lived in Ukraine.

Can I get refugee status in the country?

Yes. Please note that if you qualify for temporary protecton it is not advisable for you to apply for asylum.

You can apply for temporary protection directly with the Border Officer / the police or at the Foreigner's Office mceclip0.png in your city. In some cities, you can also apply for temporary protection online. To do so, you would need to locate the website of the city you wish to apply from for more localized information. If you apply online mceclip0.png, you will receive an email regarding your appointment. Please note that it may take a while to receive an appointment. You will receive temporary protection starting on the day of your appointment.

How long can I stay in the country?

People without Ukrainian citizenship can also apply for and obtain a residence permit according to ยง24 (temporary protection), if they are in one of the following groups:

  • Persons who were recognized as refugees in Ukraine or had another international or national protection status and left Ukraine since February 24th, 2022. As proof, it is sufficient to present a Ukrainian travel document for refugees or a travel document based on complementary protection ("Travel Document for Person Granted Complentary Protection").
  • The nuclear family of Ukrainian citizens or people who were recognized as refugees in Ukraine or had another international or national protection status and left Ukraine since February 24th, 2022. The nuclear family includes spouses and minor children or stepchildren or parents of unmarried minor children. The family members must have lived together in Ukraine, but the citizenship of the family member does not matter. If another family member has lived with you in Ukraine and is dependent on you (e.g. because they are in need of care or financially dependent), they can also apply for a residence permit according to Section 24. Unmarried partners living in a permanent relationship are also considered nuclear family.
  • Persons who had a permanent residence permit in Ukraine and are unable to safely return to their country of origin. Whether you can return to your country of origin is decided by the Immigration Office. A safe return is not going to be possible, for example, if there is a war going on in your country, or you do not have a passport, or you are not able to travel due to health reasons or there is no flight connection to your home country at all. The length of your stay in Ukraine and whether you have or had family there also plays a role.

If you come from Afghanistan, Eritrea or Syria, the Immigration Office automatically assumes that you cannot safely return to your country of origin. All other cases are checked individually by the immigration authorities.

  • People who had a temporary residence permit in Ukraine and are not able to return safely to their country of origin. However, this does not apply to people who were in Ukraine with short-term stay permits. The prerequisite is that your residence permit was valid for more than 90 days. So tourists or business travellers are not included. However, students or people who have worked in Ukraine can obtain a residence permit according to Section 24 of the Residence Act if they cannot return to their home country.
  • People with Ukrainian permanent residence permits who were already in Germany before February 24th, 2022, with another residence permit (e.g., as a student, skilled worker, etc.), if their original residence permit cannot be extended. This also applies to Ukrainian citizens who were in Germany as tourists up to 90 days before February 24th, 2022.

Please note: Your visa-free stay is limited to 90 days (within 180 days) from your first entry into Germany. This means that you must apply for a residence permit within 90 days of entering Germany for the first time. If you do not apply for a residence permit or apply for asylum within these 90 days, your stay will no longer be deemed legal.

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